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About Sierra Leone
A brief history and location
Local languages, food, customs and religion
Economy and climate
What to look out for
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A Brief History & Location

From the lush rainforests and tumbling waterfalls of the interior, to the startling white beaches that line its unspoilt coastline, it’s historic architecture, Sierra Leone is a land of immense natural beauty.

Sierra Leone’s name dates back to 1462 when Pedro da Centra, a Portuguese explorer sailed down the coast of West Africa and named the country Sierra Lyoa saying the coastal mountains looked like lion’s teeth. In 1987, British philanthropists founded the Province of Freetown, which later became Freetown, a British Colony and the principal base for the suppression of the slave trade for freed slaves from Nova Scotia and the Maroons. Sierra Leone gained independence from Britain on April 27, 1961, making it the one hundredth member of the United Nations, and a member of the commonwealth.

Sierra Leone lies on the west coast of Africa., about 900km north of the equator, with a land area of 27,956 square miles and a population of about five million. This small west African country is bordered on the north and north east by the republic of Guinea, Liberia on the Southeast and the Atlantic Ocean on the west and south west, providing Sierra Leone with about 360 km of beautiful coastline. A flat plain of up to 110km wide stretches the coastal plains which are mostly covered with secondary forests and elephant grass, except for the capital Freetown peninsula, which bears the Sierra Lyoa mountains, lush evergreen vegetation, surprising islets and beautiful coves and valleys.

Tokeh Beach House
Bunce Island
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